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The 'Brain Sprain'

A concussion is like a brain sprain. It's a type of brain injury caused by a sudden movement that forces the brain to contact or twist inside the skull. This excessive motion can cause swelling, bleeding and increased nerve sensitivity, ultimately changing normal brain function. Just like other injuries, the body needs time to heal before full brain performance is restored and activity can resume. 

Common Signs & Symptoms

Educational video produced by the CDC to increase concussion awareness.

Concussion symptoms can range from mild to serious and generally show up soon following injury. In some cases however, symptoms may not show up for hours or even days. Understanding these typical signs and symptoms can help with early intervention and proper injury management.

Did you know?
  • As of January 1st, 2017 - California Law requires youth athletic organizations to prepare and protect their athletes. Baseline Testing is the foundation.

  • 90% concussions occur without loss of consciousness.

  • Youth athletes are most prone to concussion injuries and if not properly handled, they can suffer in learning and in life. 

  • A second concussion can be life threatening - learn more.

As a Parent or Coach

Symptoms to Watch for in an Athlete
  • Athlete can’t recall events before or after a collision/fall

  • Appears dazed or stunned and may be moving clumsily

  • Responds to basic questions slowly or inaccurately

  • Loses consciousness (even briefly)

  • Shows mood, behavior, or personality changes

Symptoms a Concussed Athlete may Experience
  • Headache or “pressure” in head

  • Nausea or vomiting

  • Balance problems, dizziness, or double/blurry vision

  • Bothered by light or noise

  • Feeling sluggish, hazy or groggy

  • Confusion/concentration or memory problems

If you suspect an athlete has experienced a concussion, the best course of action is immediate action. California Law states the athlete should be removed from play and evaluated by a licensed healthcare professional prior to returning to play.


If there was any loss of consciousness or symptoms worsen following injury, take the athlete to a local emergency room immediately or call 911. A mismanaged concussion can lead to long term injury or in extreme cases death.

If a concussion is suspected or diagnosed, follow up with a Concussion Healthcare Specialist in your area.

We are here to assist and answer any questions you might have about baseline testing and our service.

Need more information? Contact us.

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